INDIA

Location of India

Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan.

   

Geographic Co-ordinates

20 00 N, 77 00 E

   

Area

 

Total

3,287,590 sq km

Land

2,973,190 sq km

Water

314,400 sq km

Comparative

Slightly more than one-third the size of the US.

   

Land boundaries (Total)

14,103 km.

   

Border Shared With Countries

Bangladesh

4,053 km

Bhutan

605 km

Burma

1,463 km

China

3,380 km

Nepal

1,690 km

Pakistan

2,912 km

   

Coastline: Claims and Boundaries

Coastline

7,000 km

Maritime claims (Contiguous zone)

24 NM

Territorial sea

12 NM

Continental shelf

200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin

Exclusive economic zone

200 NM

   

Climate

Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north

   

Terrain

Upland Plain (Deccan Plateau) in South, Flat to Rolling Plain along the Ganges, Deserts in West, Himalayas in North.

   

Elevation extremes

 

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Kanchenjunga 8,598 m

Natural resources

Coal, Iron Ore, Manganese, Mica, Bauxite, Titanium Ore, Chromite, Natural Gas, Diamonds, Petroleum, Limestone, Arable Land

   

Land use

 

Arable land

54.35%

Permanent crops

2.66%

Other's

42.99% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land

590,000 sq km (1998 est.) 

Natural hazards

Droughts, Flash Floods, Widespread and Destructive Flooding from Monsoonal Rains, Severe Thunderstorms, Earthquakes.

   

Environment

 

Current issues

Deforestation, Soil Erosion, Overgrazing, Desertification, Air Pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions, Water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides, Tap water is not potable throughout the country, Huge and growing population is verstraining natural resources.

International agreements

Party To: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling. 
Signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements