Most lipsticks contain fish scales.

The most commonly forgotten item for travelers is their toothbrush

People from Switzerland eat the most chocolate equating to 10 kilos per person per year.

In 1878 the first telephone book was made and it contained only 50 names.

Hilton is the first international hotel chain.

The first James Bond movie was  'Dr. No'.

In 1888, Marvin Stone patented the spiral winding process to manufacture the first paper drinking straws.


Tocopherol or Vitamin E is fat-soluble chemical found in vegetable oils. Deficiency of tocopherols leads to multiple adverse effects on health. In rats, Vitamin E deficiency has shown to cause sterility.

Touch Screen

Touch Screen in computing is an input device allowing the user to communicate with the computer by touching a display screen with a finger. In this way, the user can point to a required menu option or item of data. Touch screens are used less widely than other pointing devices such as the mouse or joystick.

Typically, the screen is able to detect the touch either because the finger presses against a sensitive membrane or because it interrupts a gird of light beams crossing the screen surface.

Universal Time (UT)

Universal Time is another name for Greenwich Mean Time. It is based on the rotation Of the Earth, which is not quite constant. Since 1972, UT has been replaced by Co-Ordinate Universal Time (UTC),which is based on uniform atomic time. The ocean as well as the land. The virgin Islands in the Caribbean and the Hawaiian Islands are nothing more than the projecting tips of gigantic submarine peaks. In fact The Hawaiian mountain Mauna Kea, a large portion of which is undersea, has a full height Of 33476 feet which, when measured from the ocean floor, makes it more than 4,000 Feet taller than Mt. Everest. Though mountains seem to be randomly scattered Throughout the planet, most major ranges are situated within two relatively narrow strips That run like jagged bands around the Earth. The first extends across the Pacific, up the West Coast of South and North America, into Asia, down through New Zealand, and into Antarctica. The Second extends across North Africa, Southern Europe, Asia Minor and into Asia.

Countdown clock

The countdown clock that measures about 3.33 (w)  3.73 (H)  3.33 (D) allows us to count days, hours, minutes and seconds until important dates such as birthdays, weddings etc. We can load the clock up with our load the clock up with our own important dates. The control buttons allow us to go through them quickly and select the ones we want. We can even programme it to display custom messages. It to display custom messages. It will also count upwards


Aestivation is a state of inactivity and reduced metabolic activity, similar to hibernation. It occurs during the dry season in species such as lungfish and snails. In Botany, the term is used to describe the way in which flower petals and sepals are folded in the buds.


Yardang is ridge formed by wind erosion from a dried-up riverbed or similar feature, as in Chad, China, Peru and North America. On the planet Mars Yardangs occur on a massive scale.

Oil Birds

Oil birds are found in South American caves. To find their way about in the dark, they emit rapid clicks, which send back echoes, telling them of anything in their path.

Magic Mirror

Magic mirrors have been made in China and Japan for centuries. When you look into one of these highly polished bronze mirrors you see, as you might expect, your reflection – and nothing more. However, if you hold the mirror towards the Sun and reflect the light on to a white surface, the reflection shows a design, such as a picture of the Buddha. Over the years, the making of magic mirrors has remained a closely guarded secret and even today few people know exactly how they work.

Jonglei Canal

Jonglei Canal is North African civil-engineering project to divert the White Nile in order to improve the water supply to Egypt from Sudan. The project was conceived in the 1940s but was not begun until 1982, and work was halted by the outbreak of civil war in Sudan in 1983.

Why don’t we sneeze while sleeping?

Sneezing is nothing but a forceful expulsion of air through the windpipe in our neck. This sudden and forceful expulsion of air is caused by a  sudden contraction of the muscles around the lungs and the diaphragm, the muscular membrane below the lungs. This forces out more air from lungs than is normally breathed out. This sudden action of muscles and diaphragm is caused by the irritation of the nerves of the nostril by dust, smoke, pollen etc. or microorganisms like cold virus. However, during sleep these nerves remain less alert and the muscles relaxed. Therefore, the air in the lungs cannot be forced out suddenly as the muscles take some time to contract and so we don’t sneeze.

Why does an aeroplane taxi before taking off?

Taxiing before taking off helps an aeroplane in two ways. Firstly this helps aeroplane in attaining a minimum initial speed which is required before leaving the ground and secondly it helps to create a difference in pressure on the wing surfaces. The shape of the wings of aeroplane is so designed that the curvature of their upper surface is more than that of the lower surface and the front end is round while the inner end is flat. When the plane runs, it speeds up the air current flowing above and below the wing. However, the wind has to travel more distance on upper surface than on the lower one. Consequently the velocity of air also is more at the upper surface than at the lower surface. According to Bernoulli’s law the pressure generated by the moveing air on the upper surface is less than acting on the lower surface. Due to its pressure difference, a thrust, equal to this difference act on the wing and it starts rising up.
Why are railway tracks covered with ballasts?

The rail track is the very basis of the rail road line. It consists of parallel rails laid on cross-ties on a roadbed of ballast. The standard steel rail is shaped like the letter ‘T’, resting on a wide base or flange. It is fastened at right angles to wooden or concrete sections called cross-ties, which are embedded in crushed stone or cinders, ballast, to hold them steady. The ballast also covers part of the rails. When train passes over the track the pressure acting on it changes continuously. The variation in pressure is so much that if, instead of ballast. A rigid road like material is used, it would crack. The ballast gives the track flexibility to face this variable pressure. In addition to this cushioning effect, the ballast also helps drainage.

Why is there a lull before a storm?

Storms are very strong winds that temporarily interrupt the more general air movements prevailing at a time over a place. When a storm approaches a place, it changes the direction of the wind already blowing in that area. As the wind changes direction suddenly and before stormy winds begin to blow from the other side there is a short period when there is no wind in that area. This is known as the lull.