The first President of Indian RepublicDr. Rajendra Prasad
The first Prime Minister of free IndiaPt. Jawahar Lal Nehru
The first Indian to win Nobel PrizeRabindranath Tagore
The first President of Indian National CongressW.C. Banerjee
The first Muslim President of Indian National CongressBadruddin Tayyabji
The first Muslim President of IndiaDr. Zakir Hussain
The first British Governor General of IndiaLord William Bentinck(1833-1835)
The first British Governor General of BengalLord Warren Hasting(1774-1885)
The first British Viceroy of IndiaLord Canning
The first Governor General of free IndiaLord Mountbatten
The first and the last Indian to be Governor General of free IndiaC. Rajgopalachari
The first man who introduced printing press in IndiaJames Hicky
The first Indian to join the I.C.SSatyendra Nath Tagore
India’s first man in SpaceRakesh Sharma
The first Prime Minister of India who resigned without completing the full termMorarji Desai
The first Indian Commander-in-Chief of IndiaGeneral Cariappa
The first Chief of Army StaffGen. Maharaj Rajendra Singhji
The first Indian Member of the Viceroy’s executive councilS.P.Sinha
The first President of India who died while in officeDr. Zakhir Hussain
The first Muslim President of Indian RepublicDr. Zakhir Hussain
The first Prime Minister of India who did not face the ParliamentCharan Singh
The first Field Marshal of IndiaS.H.F. Manekshaw
The first Indian to get Nobel Prize in PhysicsC.V.Raman
The first Indian to receive Bharat Ratna awardDr. Radhakrishnan
The first Indian to cross English ChannelMihir Sen
The first Person to receive Jnanpith awardSri Shankar Kurup
The firs Speaker of the Lok SabhaGanesh Vasudeva Mavalankar
The first Vice-President of IndiaDr. Radhakrishnan
The first Education MinisterAbdul Kalam Azad
The first Home minister of IndiaSardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
The first Indian Air Chief MarshalS. Mukherjee
The first Indian Naval ChiefVice Admiral R.D. Katari
The first Judge of International Court of JusticeDr. Nagendra Singh
The first person to reach Mt. Everest without oxygenSherpa Anga Dorjee
The first person to get Param Vir ChakraMajor Somnath Sharma
The first Chief Election CommissionerSukumar Sen
The first person to receive Magsaysay AwardAcharya Vinoba Bhave
The first person of Indian origin to receive Nobel Prize in MedicineHargovind Khurana
The first Chinese traveller to visit IndiaFahein
The first person to receive Stalin PrizeSaifuddin Kitchlu
The first person to resign from the Central CabinetShyama Prasad Mukherjee
The first person to receive Nobel Prize in EconomicsAmartya Sen
The first Chief Justice of Supreme CourtJustice Hirala J. Kania
The first Indian PilotJ.R.D. Tata (1929)


The first lady to become Miss WorldRita Faria
The first woman judge in Supreme CourtMrs. Meera Sahib Fatima Bibi
The first woman AmbassadorMiss C.B. Muthamma
The first woman Governor of a state in free IndiaMrs Sarojini Naidu
The first woman Speaker of a State AssemblyShanno Devi
The first woman Prime MinisterMrs Indira Gandhi
The first woman Minister in a GovernmentRajkumari Amrit Kaur
The first woman to climb Mount EverestBachhendri Pal
The first woman to climb Mount Everest twiceSantosh Yadav
The first woman President of Indian National CongressMrs Annie Besant
The first woman pilot in Indian Air ForceHarita Kaur Dayal
The first woman GraduatesKadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu, 1883
The first woman Airline PilotDurba Banerjee
The first woman Honours GraduateKamini Roy, 1886
The first woman Olympic medal WinnerKarnam Malleswari, 2000
The first woman Asian Games Gold Medal WinnerKamlijit Sandhu
The first woman LawyerCornelia Sorabjee
The first woman President of United Nations General AssemblyMrs Vijaya Laxmi Pandit
The first woman Chief Minister of an Indian StateMrs Sucheta Kripalani
The first woman Chairman of Union Public Service CommissionRoze Millian Bethew
The first woman Director General of PoliceKanchan Chaudhary Bhattacharya
The first woman JudgeAnna Chandy (She became judge in a district court in 1937)
The first woman Cheif Justice of High CourtMrs Leela Seth (Himachal Pradesh High Court)
The first woman Judge in Supreme Court of IndiaKumari Justice M. Fathima Beevi
The first woman Lieutenant GeneralPuneeta Arora
The first woman Air Vice MarshalP. Bandopadhyaya
The first woman chairperson of Indian AirlinesSushma Chawla
The first woman IPS officerMrs. Kiran Bedi
The first and last Muslim woman ruler of IndiaRazia Sultan
The first woman to receive Ashoka ChakraNirja Bhanot
The first woman to receive Jnanpith AwardAshapurna Devi
The first woman to cross English ChannelAarti Saha
The first woman to receive Nobel PrizeMother Teresa
The first woman to receive Bharat RatnaMrs Indira Gandhi
The first woman to receive Jnanpith AwardAshpurna Devi

First Wax statue of a Living IndianMahatma Gandhi at Madame Tussaud's in 1939
First Chinese pilgrim to Visit IndiaFa-hien
First Exclusive internet magazineBharat Samachar
First Miss India to participate in Miss UniverseIndrani Rehman
First President of Indian National CongressW.C. Bannerjee, 1885
First Muslim President of the Indian National CongressBadruddin Tayyabji
First Judge in International Court of JusticeDr. Nagender Singh
First Graduate in MedicineSoorjo Coomar Goodeve Chukerbutty
India's First UniversityNalanda University
India's First Open UniversityAndhra Pradesh Open University
India's First Lok Sabha Member to be elected with a record maximum number of votesP.V.Narasimha Rao
First Indian to reach AntarcticaLt. Ram Charan
First British to Visit IndiaHawkins
First Test tube baby of IndiaIndira (Baby Harsha)
First Post Office Opened in IndiaKolkata(1727)

First in Science and Technology

First Hydroelectric PlantOn the Ganganachukki waterfall of the Sivasamudram Falls, Karnataka, built in 1902
First City to have electricityBanglore, in 1906 (it was in fact the first city to have electricity)
First Man in SpaceRakesh Sharma aboard Salyut 7, on April 03, 1984. He was the 138th man in space world-wide.
First Women in SpaceKalpana Chawla aboard Space Shuttle Columbia flight STS-87, on November 19,1997 
She was a naturalized United States citizen, and represented the US during the event.
First Test-tube babyDurga Agarwal, born 1978
First Scienfific Expedition to Antarctica1981
First Nuclear ReactorTarapur, Maharashtra
First Genetically Modified Food Product in IndiaBt. Egg Plant Hybrid
First SatelliteAryabhatta, launched on April 19, 1975
First Satellite dedicated exclusively for educational servicesEDUSET
First Successfully Indigenous Launch VehicleSLV-3
The first person in the world to land on the moonNeil A. Armstrong and Edwin E Aldrin Jr of USA (Armstrong was the first to set foot on the moon followed by Aldrin) - July 21, 1969
First man to enter space (or the world's first cosmonaut)Yuri Gagarin (Russian)
The first returnable space shuttleColombia
The first disabled satellite repaired in spaceSolar Max
The first unmanned moon-buggy to explore surface of the moonLunokhod-I (Russia)
The first unmanned spaceship to have soft-landed and lifted off from the moon to return to earth.Luna - 16 (Russia) (Sept. 21, 1970)
The first manned space vehicle to land on the moonLunar Exploration Module (LEM) nick named "Eagle"
The first country to send men on the moonUSA
The first to launch earth satellite or "artificial baby moon"Russia
The first woman cosmonaut of the worldValentina Tereshkova (Russian)
The first person to float in spaceAlexei Lenov (Russian)
The first American astronaut (and second person in the world) to float in spaceEdward White
The first country to launch a cosmic space rocket towards moonUSSR
The first space rocket to hit the moonLunik-II
The first spaceship in the world to sample moon's crustSurveyor-3 (USA)
The first space vehicle to soft-land on MoonLuna-9 (Russia)
The first space vehicle to orbite the moonLuna-10 (Russia)
The first space-craft to leave solar systemPioneer II
The first American manned spaceship to perform crew transfer in spaceApollo-9 (USA)
The first manned spacehip to perform space flight round the moonApollo-8 (USA)

First in Governance

First President of IndiaDr. Rajendra Prasad (1950-1962)
First Prime Minister of IndiaJawaharlal Nehru (1947-1964). The first term lasted till 1952 after which he was re-elected.
First Vice President of IndiaDr. S Radhakrishan
First Deputy Prime Minister of IndiaVallabhbhai Patel
First Prime Minister to be voted out of OfficeIndia Ghandi (1977) when the Indian National Congress lost to he Janta Party.
First Sikh Prime MinisterManmohan Singh
First Sikh PresidentGiani Zail Singh
First Non-Congress Governmentby Janta Party with Morarji Desai as the Prime Minister (1977-1980)
First Prime Minster of India resigned without completing his full termMorarji Desai
First Prime Minister to lead a minority government for a full term(five years)P.V. Narasimha Rao, June 21, 1991 to May 16 1996
First Prime Minster from South IndiaP.V. Narasimha Rao, June 21, 1991 to May 16 1996
First Governor-GeneralWarren Hastings
First British Governor-GeneralLord William Bentick
First British Viceroy of IndiaLord Canning
First Governor General of Independent IndiaLord Mountbatten, 1947
First and Last Indian Governor-General of Indian UnionC Rajagopalachari, 1948
First Chief Justice of IndiaJustice Hiralal J Kania
First Indian to pass ICSSurendra Nath Banerjee
First Indian ICS OfficerSatyendranath Tagore, 1863
First Speaker of Lok SabhaShri G.V. Mavlankar
First Finance Minister of Independent IndiaShri R.K.Shanmukhan Chettys
Presentation of First Budget after India's IndependenceShri R.K.Shanmukhan Chettys on Nov. 26, 1947
First President to die in OfficeDr. Zakhir Hussain
First Prime Minister who did not face the ParliamentCharan Singh
First Chief Justice of Supreme Court to become President of IndiaJustice M Hidaytullah
First Education MinisterAbul Kalam Azad
First Home MinisterSardar Vallabhbhai Patel
First Chief Election CommissionerSukumar Sen
First Minister to resign from Union CabinetShyama Prasad Mukherjee (1950)

First in Noble Prizes

First Noble Prize WinnerRabindranath Tagore for the Noble Prize in Literature, 1913. 
He was also the first Asian to get the Prize.
First Noble Prize in PhysicsC.V. Raman in 1930
First Noble Prize in MedicineHar Gobind Khorana in 1968. (Indian Born US Citizen)
First Noble Peace PrizeMother Teresa in 1979. (Albanian nun, Indian Citizen)
First Noble Prize in EconomicsAmartya Sen in 1998

First in Film and TV

First Indian movie released in IndiaShree Pundalik, 1912 (Marathi silent film by Dadasaheb Torne)
First Full length motion pictureRaja Harishchandra (1913, a silent film in Marathi)
First Sound FilmAlam Ara, 1931 (Ardeshir Irani)
First Oscar winnerBhanu Athaiya for the Best Costume Design for Gandhi (film) in 1982
First Oscar nomination for Best Foreign Language FilmMother India in 1957
First National Film Award for CinemaShyamchi Aai in 1954
First Colorized FilmMughal-e-Azam in 2004(the original black-and-white version was released in 1960)
First Sponsored TV SerialHum Log, started in 1984, was also the first soap opera of India
First Actor to entact 10 rolesKamal Haasan
First artist from India to visit the United States, in the cultural exchange programme of the US government Sivaji Ganesan, 1962
First Indian film actor to win a "Best Actor" award in an International film festival Sivaji Ganesan in the Afro-Asian Film Festival held in Cairo, Egypt in 1960

First in Defence

First Commander-in-Chief of Free IndiaGeneral Sir Roy Bucher
First Indian Commander-in-Chief of Free IndiaGeneral Kodandera Madappa Cariappa, 1949
First Chief of Air StaffAir Marshall Sir Thomas Elmhirst
First Indian Chief of StaffAir Marshall Subroto Mukerjee, 1954
First Chief of Naval StaffVice Admiral R D Katari
First Field Marshall of IndiaS.H.F. Manekshaw
First Person to receive Paramvir ChakraMajor Somnath Sharma
First CosmonautSqn Ldr Rakesh Sharma, 1984
First Atomic Submarine of IndiaINS Chakra
First Medium Range MissileAgni
First Indian MissilePrithvi (Striking range - 250 kms)
India's First Nuclear CentreTarapur