ADJECTIVES

Adjectives are words that are used to describe (what kind of?) nouns and pronouns and to quantify (how much of? )  and identify (which one?) them. In a nutshell, Adjectives are what define nouns and give them characteristics to differentiate them from other nouns. For example:

He was wearing a blue shirt.

Here ‘blue’ is an adjective as it is describing the noun ‘shirt’ by answering the question ‘what kind of shirt?’

There are seven rooms in the house.

Here ‘Seven’ is also an adjective as it’s telling the quantity/the number of the noun ‘rooms’, answering the question
‘how many rooms?’.

There are different types of adjectives based upon their effect on a noun and what do they tell about the noun.
There are five categories of adjectives

1. Adjectives of Quality - These adjectives are used to describe the nature of a noun. They give an idea about the
    characteristics of the noun by answering the question ‘what kind’.

Honest, Kind, Large, Bulky, Beautiful, Ugly etc.

New Delhi is a large city with many historical monuments.

Sheila is a beautiful woman.

2. Adjectives of Quantity - These adjectives help to show the amount or the approximate amount of the noun or pronoun.
   These adjectives do not provide exact numbers; rather they tell us the amount of the noun in relative or whole terms.

All, Half, Many, Few, Little, No, Enough, Great etc.

They have finished most of the rice.

Many people came to visit the fair.

3. Adjectives of Number - These adjectives are used to show the number of nouns and their place in an order.
   There are three different sections within adjectives of number; they are -

Definite Numeral Adjective - Those which clearly denote an exact number of nouns or the order of the noun.

One, Two, Twenty, Thirty-Three etc. also known as Cardinals.

First, Second, Third, Seventh etc. also known as Ordinals.

Indefinite Numeral Adjective - Those adjectives that do not give an exact numerical amount but just give a general
idea of the amount.

Some, Many, Few, Any, Several, All etc.

E.g.: There were many people present at the meeting.

Distributive Numeral Adjective -Those adjectives that are used to refer to individual nouns within the whole amount.

Either, Neither, Each, Another, Other etc.

Taxes have to be paid by every employed citizen.

4. Demonstrative Adjectives - These adjectives are used to point out or indicate a particular noun or pronoun using
   the adjectives - This, That, Theseand Those.

That bag belongs to Neil.

Try using this paintbrush in art class.

I really like those shoes.

These flowers are lovely.

5. Interrogative Adjectives - These adjectives are used to ask questions about nouns or in relation to nouns,
    they are - Where, What, Which andWhose.

Where did he say he was going?

What assignment did I miss out on?

Which is your favorite author?

Whose pen is this?

In some instances, we find that we need to use more than one adjective to describe a noun in a satisfactory manner. In these cases,
commas are used to separate the adjectives but some series of adjectives do not require a comma. Therefore, we need to know the
difference between Coordinate and Non-coordinate Adjectives -

Coordinate Adjectives - Are those words which can be re-arranged in the series easily and are still grammatically sound. This kind of
 series makes use of commas. This series can also insert ‘and’ between them and still be correct.

She was a kind, generous, loving human being.

She was a generous, loving, kind human being.

She was a loving, kind and generous human being.

Here we can see that all three sentences are grammatically correct. In this case, the adjectives only need to be separated by commas.

Non-coordinate Adjectives - These are those adjectives which cannot be rearranged in the series. These do not use commas to separate
the adjectives. Also, this kind of series do not make sense if we insert ‘and’ between them.

She has two energetic playful dogs.

She has playful two energetic dogs.

She has energetic and playful and two dogs.

Here we see that only the first sentence makes sense and is grammatically correct. The second and third ones are incorrect. Hence, the sentence
uses non-coordinate adjectives and does not need commas.

There are certain rules regarding the placement of different kinds of adjectives in a sentence. The general order followed is -

1.Determiners – These are the various articles (the, a, an), demonstratives (this, that, these, those), possessives (my, mine, your, yours, -‘s),
quantifiers (all, many etc.), numerals (one, twenty, thirty-seven etc.) and distributives (each, every, neither, either)

2.Observations/Quantity and Opinion - Then come the adjectives that give a quantity (also known as post-determiners) and subjective
opinion to the noun, telling ‘how much’ and ‘how was’ the noun.

Few, Most, One, Three/ Beautiful, Ugly, Difficult etc.

The beautiful house.

3.Size - The position after Observations is for the adjectives that tell about the size of the noun, they can be used for an object as well as living thing.

Huge, Little, Bulky, Thin, Vast, Tiny, Lean etc

The beautiful little house.

4.Age -Then is the turn of the Adjectives that tell about the age of a noun either by itself or in relation to another noun.

Young, Old, Teenage, Mature, Recent, Bygone etc.

The beautiful little old house.

5.Shape - Next are the adjectives that tell about the shape or appearance of the noun.

Circular, Crooked, Triangular, Oval, Wavy, Straights etc.

The beautiful little old square house.

6.Colour - After that are the adjectives that tell the shade and hue of a noun.

Pastel, Red, Blue, Metallic, Colourless, Translucent etc.

The beautiful square blue coloured house.

7.Origin - Next are the adjectives that show the different geographical locations associated with a noun.

Southern, Northern, Lunar, Mexican, French etc.

The beautiful blue coloured Mexican house.

8. Material - Next are the adjectives that talk about the raw material or texture of the objects or the behaviour of the living nouns.

Wooden, Plastic, Steely, Metallic, Cottony etc.

The beautiful Mexican limestone house.

9.Qualifier – Lastly, the qualifier or the grammatical modifier comes, which is an additional word or phrase provided to change the meaning of the noun in a sentence.

Pink + eye, Royal + treatment, Hot + fudge etc.



LIST OF ADJECTIVES

Apearance Adjectivesadorablebeautifulclean
drabelegantfancyglamorous
handsomelongmagnificentold-fashioned
plainquaintsparklingugliest
unsightlywide-eyed  
 
Feelings (Good) Adjectivesagreeablebravecalm
delightfuleagerfaithfulgentle
happyjollykindlively
niceobedientproudrelieved
sillythankfulvictoriouswitty
zealous   
 
Color Adjectivesredorangeyellow
greenbluepurplegray
blackwhite  
 
Shape Adjectivesbroadchubbycrooked
curveddeepflathigh
hollowlownarrowround
shallowskinnysquaresteep
straightwide.  
 
Condition Adjectivesalivebettercareful
cleverdeadeasyfamous
giftedhelpfulimportantinexpensive
mushyoddpowerfulrich
shytenderuninterestedvast
wrong.   
 
Size Adjectivesbigcolossalfat
giganticgreathugeimmense
largelittlemammothmassive
miniaturepetitepunyscrawny
shortsmalltallteeny
teeny-tinytiny  
List of Adjectives
 
 
Feelings (Bad) Adjectivesangrybewilderedclumsy
defeatedembarrassedfiercegrumpy
helplessitchyjealouslazy
mysteriousnervousobnoxiouspanicky
repulsivescarythoughtlessuptight
worried   
 
Sound Adjectivescooingdeafeningfaint
hissingloudmelodicnoisy
purringquietraspyscreeching
thunderingvoicelesswhispering 
 
Time Adjectivesancientbriefearly
fastlatelongmodern
oldold-fashionedquickrapid
shortslowswiftyoung
 
Taste/Touch Adjectivesbitterdeliciousfresh
greasyjuicyhoticy
loosemeltednutritiousprickly
rainyrottensaltysticky
strongsweettarttasteless
unevenweakwetwooden
yummy   
 
           
Touch Adjectivesboilingbreezebroken
bumpychillycoldcool
creepycrookedcuddlycurly
damageddampdirtydry
dustyfilthyflakyfluffy
freezinghotwarmwet
 
Quantity Adjectivesabundantemptyfew
fullheavylightmany
numeroussparsesubstantial 
 
 

Why do you need a list of adjectives? Adjectives can turn the ordinary in to the extraordinary. When used properly, they can add vivid interest to your conversation or written communication. However, there can be too much of a good thing. Please keep your adjectives effective by choosing them wisely.
 
Comprehensive List of Adjectives

Aaback abaft abandoned 
abashed aberrant abhorrent abiding 
abject ablaze ableabnormal 
aboard aboriginal abortive abounding 
abrasive abrupt absent absorbed 
absorbing abstracted absurd abundant
abusive acceptable accessible accidental 
accurate acidacidicacoustic 
acrid actually ad hoc adamant 
adaptable addicted adhesive adjoining 
adorable adventurousafraid aggressive
agonizing agreeable ahead ajar
alcoholic alert alike alive 
alleged alluring aloof amazing
ambiguous ambitious amuck amused
amusingancient angry animated 
annoyed annoyinganxious apathetic 
aquatic aromatic arrogant ashamed
aspiring assorted astonishing attractive
auspicious automaticavailable average 
awakeaware awesomeawful 
axiomatic   
 
B bad barbarous 
bashful bawdy beautiful befitting 
belligerent beneficialbentberserk 
bestbetterbewildered big
billowy bite-sizedbitterbizarre 
blackblack-and-whitebloody blue
blue-eyed blushing boiling boorish 
bored boring bouncyboundless 
brainy brash brave brawny 
breakable breezy briefbright 
bright broad broken brown
bumpy burly bustlingbusy
 
C cageycalculating
callous calm capable capricious 
careful carelesscaringcautious 
ceaseless certainchangeable charming 
cheapcheerful chemicalchief
childlike chilly chivalrous chubby 
chunky clammy classy clean 
clear clever cloistered cloudy 
closedclumsyclutteredcoherent 
cold colorful colossal combative 
comfortable commoncompletecomplex
concerned condemned confused conscious
cooing cool cooperative coordinated
courageous cowardly crabby craven 
crazy creepy crooked crowded 
cruel cuddly cultured cumbersome
curious curly curved curvy
cutcute cutecynical
 
D daffy daily 
damaged damaging damp dangerous 
dapper dark dashing dazzling
dead deadpan deafening dear
debonair decisive decorous deep 
deeply defeated defective defiant 
delicatedeliciousdelightful demonic 
deliriousdependentdepressed deranged 
descriptivedeserteddetailed determined 
devilish didactic different difficult 
diligent direful dirty disagreeable 
disastrousdiscreet disgusted disgusting
disillusioned dispensable distinct disturbed 
divergent dizzydomineering doubtful 
drab draconian dramatic dreary
drunk dry dull dusty 
dustydynamic dysfunctional 
 
E eager early
earsplitting earthy easy eatable 
economic educated efficacious efficient 
eight elasticelated elderly
electricelegant elfin elite 
embarrassed eminent emptyenchanted
enchanting encouraging endurable energetic 
enormous entertaining enthusiastic envious 
equable equalerect erratic 
ethereal evanescent evasive even
excellentexcited excitingexclusive 
exotic expensive extra-largeextra-small
exuberant exultant  
 
F fabulous faded 
faintfair faithful fallacious 
FALSEfamiliarfamous fanatical 
fancy fantastic farfar-flung
fascinated fast fatfaulty 
fearfulfearless feeblefeigned 
femalefertile festive few
fierce filthy fine finicky 
firstfivefixedflagrant 
flaky flashy flat flawless 
flimsyflippant flowery fluffy 
flutteringfoamy foolish foregoing 
forgetful fortunate fourfrail 
fragile frantic freefreezing
frequentfreshfretful friendly 
frightenedfrighteningfullfumbling
functional funny furryfurtive 
futurefuturistic fuzzy 
 
G gabby gainful 
gamy gaping garrulous gaudy 
generalgentle giant giddy 
giftedgigantic glamorous gleaming 
glib glisteningglorious glossy 
godly good goofy gorgeous 
graceful grandiose gratefulgratis 
graygreasygreat greedy 
greengreygrieving groovy 
grotesque grouchy grubbygruesome 
grumpy guarded guiltless gullible
gusty guttural  
 
H habitual half 
hallowed halting handsome handsomely 
handyhanginghapless happy 
hardhard-to-findharmonious harsh 
hatefulheady healthy heartbreaking 
heavenlyheavyhellish helpful 
helpless hesitant hideoushigh 
highfalutin high-pitched hilarious hissing 
historical holistic hollow homeless 
homely honorable horrible hospitable 
hothuge hulking humdrum 
humorous hungry hurried hurt 
hushed husky hypnotic hysterical
 
I icky icy
idiotic ignorantill illegal 
ill-fatedill-informedillustrious imaginary 
immenseimminent impartial imperfect 
impoliteimportant imported impossible 
incandescent incompetent inconclusive industrious 
incredibleinexpensiveinfamousinnate 
innocent inquisitive insidiousinstinctive 
intelligentinterestinginternal invincible 
irate irritatingitchy 
 
J jaded jagged 
jazzy jealous jittery jobless 
jolly joyous judicious juicy
jumbled jumpyjuvenile 
 
K kaput keen
kind kindhearted kindlyknotty 
knowing knowledgeable known 
 
L labored lackadaisical 
lacking lamelamentable languid 
largelastlatelaughable 
lavish lazyleanlearned 
leftlegal lethal level 
lewd light likelikeable 
limpingliterate little lively 
lively livinglonely long
longing long-termlooselopsided 
loud loutish lovely loving
low lowly lucky ludicrous 
lumpylush luxuriant lying 
lyrical   
 
M macabre macho 
maddening madly magentamagical 
magnificentmajestic makeshift male
malicious mammoth maniacal many
marked massive marriedmarvelous
materialmaterialistic mature mean 
measly meatymedicalmeek
mellowmelodic meltedmerciful 
mere messymightymilitary
milkymindless miniature minor 
miscreant misty mixedmoaning 
modern moldy momentous motionless 
mountainousmuddled mundanemurky
mushymute mysterious 
 
N naive nappy 
narrow nasty naturalnaughty 
nauseating nearneatnebulous 
necessaryneedless needy neighborly 
nervous new nextnice
nifty nimbleninenippy
noiseless noisy nonchalant nondescript 
nonstop normalnostalgic nosy
noxious null numberless numerous
nutritious nutty  
 
O oafish obedient 
obeisant obeseobnoxious obscene 
obsequious observant obsolete obtainable 
oceanic oddoffbeat old
old-fashionedomniscient one onerous 
open oppositeoptimal orange
ordinaryorganic ossified outgoing
outrageous outstanding oval overconfident 
overjoyed overrated overt overwrought
 
P painful painstaking 
palepaltrypanicky panoramic 
parallelparched parsimonious past
pastoral pathetic peaceful penitent 
perfect periodic permissible perpetual 
petite petite phobic physical
picayunepink piquant placid 
plain plant plasticplausible 
pleasant plucky pointless poised 
politepolitical poorpossessive 
possiblepowerfulprecious premium 
presentpretty previouspricey
prickly privateprobable productive 
profuse protective proud psychedelic 
psychotic publicpuffy pumped 
puny purple purring pushy
puzzledpuzzling  
 
Q quack quaint 
quarrelsome questionable quickquickest
quietquirkyquixotic quizzical
 
R rabid racial 
ragged rainyrambunctious rampant 
rapidrareraspy ratty 
readyreal rebel receptive 
recondite redredundant reflective 
regularrelieved remarkablereminiscent 
repulsive resolute resonant responsible
rhetorical richrightrighteous 
rightful rigidriperitzy 
roasted robust romantic roomy 
rottenroughround royal 
ruddy ruderural rustic 
ruthless   
 
S sable sad
safesaltysamesassy 
satisfying savory scandalous scarce 
scaredscary scatteredscientific 
scintillating scrawnyscreeching second
second-handsecretsecretive sedate 
seemly selective selfish separate
seriousshaggyshakyshallow 
sharpshinyshiveringshocking 
short shrill shutshy 
sicksilent silentsilky
silly simplesimplisticsincere 
six skillful skinny sleepy 
slimslimyslipperysloppy 
slowsmallsmartsmelly 
smiling smoggy smoothsneaky 
snobbish snotty soft soggy 
solidsomber sophisticatedsordid 
sore soresoursparkling 
specialspectacular spicyspiffy
spikyspiritual spitefulsplendid 
spooky spotless spottedspotty
spurious squalid square squealing 
squeamish staking stalestanding 
statuesque steadfast steadysteep 
stereotyped stickystiffstimulating 
stingystormystraight strange 
stripedstrongstupendousstupid 
sturdysubdued subsequent substantial
successful succinct suddensulky 
super superbsuperficialsupreme 
swanky sweetsweltering swift
symptomatic synonymous   
 
T taboo tacit 
tacky talentedtalltame 
tantangible tangy tart
tasteful tastelesstastytawdry 
tearful tediousteenyteeny-tiny
telling temporary ten tender
tense tensetenuous terrible 
terrifictested testythankful
therapeutic thickthinthinkable 
thirdthirstythirstythoughtful 
thoughtless threateningthree thundering 
tidytight tightfisted tiny
tired tiresome toothsome torpid 
toughtowering tranquil trashy 
tremendoustrickytrite troubled 
truculent TRUEtruthfultwo
typical   
 
U ubiquitous ugliest
ugly ultra unable unaccountable 
unadvised unarmed unbecoming unbiased 
uncovered understood undesirable unequal
unequaled unevenunhealthyuninterested 
uniqueunkemptunknownunnatural
unrulyunsightly unsuitable untidy
unusedunusual unwieldyunwritten
upbeat uppity upset uptight 
used usefuluselessutopian 
utter uttermost  
 
V vacuous vagabond 
vague valuablevarious vast
vengeful venomous verdant versed 
victorious vigorous violentviolet
vivacious voiceless volatile voracious 
vulgar   
 
W wacky waggish 
waitingwakeful wandering wanting 
warlike warmwary wasteful 
wateryweakwealthyweary 
well-groomedwell-madewell-offwell-to-do
wetwhimsical whispering white
wholewholesale wicked wide 
wide-eyedwigglywild willing 
windywiry wise wistful 
witty woebegone womanly wonderful 
woodenwoozy workable worried 
worthless wrathful wretched wrong
wry   
 
X and Y xenophobic 
yellow yielding youngyouthful 
yummy   
 
Z zany zealous 
zestyzippy zonked